Bleeding gums: When should I be concerned?

Bleeding gums are a fairly common dental ailment, but it can be challenging to determine what exactly is causing the bleeding. There could be several causes, including gingivitis, periodontitis, vitamin deficiencies, too-tight dentures, or blood-thinning medication. If your gums are frequently bleeding, you should consult your dentist to discover and treat the source of bleeding. Infrequent bleeding might mean you are brushing too vigorously or need a toothbrush with softer bristles.

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums that occurs when bacteria (plaque) stays on the gum line for too long. This could be caused by improper brushing or flossing. People with gingivitis commonly experience inflamed and puffy gums, sore mouths, and bleeding gums. When left untreated, gingivitis has the potential to advance into periodontitis, which affects not only the gums but also the jawbone and tissues around the gums and teeth.

Vitamin K and vitamin C deficiencies may also cause or contribute to bleeding gums. If you maintain a steady, healthy dental routine and still experience bleeding gums, a vitamin deficiency might be the cause. Citrus fruits, broccoli, bell peppers, and tomatoes are high in vitamin C, while kale, spinach, olive oil, and soybeans are high in vitamin K.

Other less common causes of bleeding gums are improperly fitting dentures and medical complications. If you are wearing an oral appliance or implant that seems to be ill-fitting, tell your dentist. They can help fit you for a new, better-fitting device, which will likely work more effectively and hopefully end the bleeding gums. Sometimes, the hormonal changes a pregnant woman undergoes can contribute to bleeding gums, which might become more sensitive.

People living with leukemia or hemophilia are more prone to bleeding gums because both are blood diseases. Additionally, people taking blood thinners such as warfarin, aspirin, and heparin might experience bleeding gums as a side effect.

Contact Babylon Dental Care

If your gums are bleeding, the first step to a healthier mouth is to make a phone call to your dentist. Going in for regular checkups twice a year will keep your dentist updated on any problems you might be experiencing, and they can advise you about how to improve your oral health habits. Call the Babylon Dental Care office at (631) 983-2937 to schedule your appointment today.


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